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Wood Turner's Finish

Wood Turner's Finish is a water-oil urethane hybrid for use on wood turnings, bowls and other lathe-turned projects. This water-based wood finish produces a slight amber tone and dries to recoat in minutes. Because of its unique chemistry, Wood Turner’s Finish is best used as a stand-alone product on raw wood or over GF water-based stain. 

Need some inspiration? Visit the General Finishes Design Center or Pinterest Board for woodturning ideas.

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General Finishes Clear Water Based Topcoat Wood Turner's Finish, 1/2 Pint Bottle

Instructions

Step 1. Preparation

Wood Turners Finish is not recommended over existing finishes or other non wood substrates. 

Preparation for Raw Wood 
See our video: How to Prep Sand Raw Wood

  1. Always ensure the surface is clean of contaminants and dust.
  2. Ensure any freshly stained surface has dried thoroughly and completely.
  3. Sand with no finer than 400 grit. Sanding any surface too smoothly can reduce adhesion and create application issues like orange peel.
  4. Do not use Sanding Sealer or shellac under Wood Turner’s Finish.
  5. Wipe oily exotic woods with acetone prior to using Wood Turner’s Finish.
  6. Do NOT use steel wool with water-based finishes; the particles will get trapped in the finish and rust

Step 2: How To Apply General Finishes Wood Turners Finish

Wood Turners Finish Application Steps:

  1. Stir topcoat to reincorporate solids that have settled to the bottom of the can before and throughout the application process.
  2. 2+ coats recommended. Number of coats will vary by application technique and personal preference.
  3. Apply with synthetic bristle or foam brush, rag/towel or spray with HVLP airbrush. 
  4. If desired, thin with distilled water or General Finishes Accelerator, which may be helpful in cool or humid conditions. Start with 5%, increase up to 15% by volume. 
  5. Finish sand between coats with a fine-grade (220-320) foam sanding pad, 400-grit sandpaper or gray non-woven pad to improve smoothness and adhesion.
  6. Remove dust with a vacuum, compressed air, an oil-free tack cloth or a water-dampened rag.
  7. Wood Turners Finish should not be tinted. 

Lathe
Apply on the lathe at 3000 rpm using a pad, bristle brush, and/or foam brush.

Buffing
Buffing can be done using wet/dry automotive sandpaper after the finish has cured. Use GF Finishing Wax as lubricant. Do NOT use water.

Warning: Do not use water-based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils.

Dry Time

Dry Time Between Coats

Dry 30+ minutes between coats in ideal conditions: 70°F/20°C; 50-70% humidity.
Dry 10+ minutes when working on a lathe.

Inadequate dry time is one of the top reasons for finish failure. You can tell if a water-based finish is dry if it forms a powder when lightly sanded with a fine-grade (220-320) foam sanding pad or 400-grit sandpaper. If in doubt, wait longer.

Increase dry time if:

  • Humidity is over 80%
  • 3+ coats are applied
  • Thick coats are applied
  • Working over a previously existing finish
  • Applying over products from other brands
  • Layering General Finishes water and oil based products:
    • Water over oil: Let oil dry 72+hr
    • Oil over water: Let water dry 24+hr

Lathe Dry Time
General Finishes Wood Turners Finish will dry in less time (10 minutes between coats) when working on a lathe. Accelerator will further speed dry time. Apply on the lathe at 3000 rpm using a pad, bristle brush, and/or foam brush.

Cure Time Before Use
Water-based finishes cure/ harden completely after 21 days in ideal conditions. Avoid placing heavy objects on surfaces that have not cured completely, treat gently, and do not clean with commercial products during the curing period.

Cleanup of Water Based Products

Application tools and materials containing water-based products can be cleaned with soap and water immediately after use.

Product Spills
Spills may be able to be removed from fabric and carpet if cleaned immediately with soap and water.

Storage of Water Based Products

Please be mindful of the manner in which water-based products are stored and how long they have been in storage. They not a forever product. 
 

Life of Product
Water-based products do not last forever, even when unopened. General Finishes products are best used within 1 year. However, the life of the product may be extended several more years with proper care and storage (see Storage Tips below).

Water-based products can last 3-5 years if the can is unopened, in good condition and stored in correct temperatures.

Product that is 3 years old will not look like product that is 6 months to 1 year old. You will see more stratification or separation as the product ages. Always stir thoroughly before using. 


Foul Smell
If your product has a foul smell, it is contaminated and no longer in useable condition.


Clumps & Settling
Gravity can cause some solids to settle on the bottom of the can and slight separation on the top. This is normal. If working with older product stir with a paint mixing attachment on a drill.

If the solids dissolve and clumps smooth out after mixing from the bottom, the product is in good condition for use.

Inability to reincorporate large, chunky lumps after stirring for several minutes is an indication that the product has frozen and can no longer be used.


Storage Tips
See video tutorial: Tips on Storing Leftover Finishes
Water-based finishes crystalize and form a skin due to evaporation when the air-tight seal on a can is broken at first use. The following best practices will increase the life of your product:

  1. Pry open sealed lids with a paint can opener by hooking under the lid's rolled edge. The use of a screwdriver can disfigure the rim and lid, impairing a complete seal. 
  2. Keep lid closed while working. Pour what you will use into a bowl, paper cup, or plate, and close can lid as you work.
  3. Clean the chime of the can thoroughly with a paper towel before closing to create a complete seal. Product falling into the chime can be minimized by using a pouring lid, such as Fitsall. Avoid wiping used brushes on the lid.
  4. Pound the lid in place using a rubber mallet to avoid distorting the chime or lid. Dents in the lid from direct contact with a hammer can impair a complete seal. Alternatively, place a flat piece of wood over can lid and firmly pound shut.
  5. Store in moderate temperatures. Avoid temperatures below 50°F/10°C or above 100°F/26°C. Keep from freezing. Frozen and heat-damaged product cannot be revitalized. Temperature-controlled spaces, such as a basement, are ideal for storage. Do not store product in an attic, garage, in direct sunlight, or next to something warm like a water heater or furnace.
  6. Store can upside down to create a liquid seal, minimize evaporation and reduce the chance of crystallization. Decant remaining product from the can before stirring. 
  7. Decant leftovers to a smaller container when the finish is almost used up. Alternative storage containers for water-based products are plastic FIFO bottles or glass bottles. Do not fill metal-lidded containers completely to prevent them from rusting.


The following water-based product mixtures can be stored:

  1. Product thinned with up to 15% General Finishes Extender or General Finishes Accelerator can be stored, with the exception of thinned General Finishes Water Based Wood Stain.
  2. Mixtures involving colors & sheens within the same product line, such as:
    • High Performance Satin + High Performance Gloss
    • Snow White Milk Paint + Coastal Blue Milk Paint
    • Amber Dye Stain + Merlot Dye Stain


The following product mixtures should NOT be stored:

  • Any water based product with thinned tap water; water often contains bacteria that will adversely affect stored paint.
  • Topcoat + Stain or Paint
  • Milk Paint + Chalk Style Paint
  • Water Based Wood Stain + Dye Stain

Furniture Care and Maintenance

Cure First
You have just finished applying a fine furniture finish. Treat gently until the paint or topcoat have fully cured. Allow 21 days for a water-based finish to cure and 30 days for an oil-based finish to cure before cleaning.

Regular Cleaning and Maintenance

  • Remove dust with a water-dampened cloth. Dust can build up over time and may scratch or dull finishes if not removed regularly. 
  • Remove fingerprints, cooking fumes and smoking residue with mild soap and water. These contaminants will not harm the finish, but they accumulate on surfaces and dull the original luster. 
  • As with all fine furniture finishes, avoid using furniture polish, cleaners or dusting sprays that contain silicone, alcohol, ammonia and anything acidic. Exception: We have successfully cleaned with Clorox wipes for occasional cleanups.
  • Clean up water, alcohol and food spills in a timely manner and use placemats & coasters to protect the finish.
  • Future finishes or touch-ups may not adhere properly or perform as desired over a contaminated surface. Some contaminants, such as silicone, seep through finish into the wood and often cannot be removed.
  • Avoid excessive exposure to direct sunlight, high temperatures or high humidity. These can damage furniture and finishes.

Warnings and Warranties

Compatibility
Do not use water-based products with Linseed Oils or Danish Oils.

Limited Warranty
General Finishes products must be tested to your complete satisfaction before using. General Finishes will not be responsible for color satisfaction, misapplication, nor compatibility with other manufacturers' products. General Finishes will be responsible only for the cost of our products, and not for costs such as labor, damage or project replacement. 

Contamination and Compatibility
Our finishes are engineered as a system and are compatible with each other. General Finishes cannot guarantee an ideal refinish when applying our products on top of or combined with another company's products or over surfaces that have been in contact with waxes, polishes or sprays containing contaminants such as silicone. Test for adherence and aesthetics before beginning. 

Warning
If you scrape, sand, or remove old paint, you may release lead dust. LEAD IS TOXIC. EXPOSURE TO LEAD DUST CAN CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS, SUCH AS BRAIN DAMAGE, ESPECIALLY IN CHILDREN. PREGNANT WOMEN SHOULD ALSO AVOID EXPOSURE. Wear a NIOSH-approved respirator to control lead exposure. Clean up carefully with a HEPA vacuum and a wet mop. Before you start, find out how to protect yourself and your family by contacting the National Lead Information Hotline at 1-800-424-LEAD or log onto www.epa.gov/lead.

FIRST AID:
Seek immediate medical attention if symptoms occur due to the following. EYE CONTACT: Remove any contact lenses. Flush eyes with water for 20+ minutes while lifting upper and lower eyelids. SKIN CONTACT: Wash thoroughly after handling. INHALATION: Move to fresh air and loosen clothing. If not breathing, if breathing is irregular or if respiratory arrest occurs, provide artificial respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. INGESTION: Call physician immediately. Wash out mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. 

Warning
This product contains a chemical known to the State Of California to cause cancer and birth defects. Do not swallow; first aid: drink water to dilute product. May cause eye or skin irritation; first aid: flush eyes thoroughly with water.

Warning
Keep out of reach of children. Avoid contact with eyes. Keep container tightly closed when not in use. Wash thoroughly after handling.

Uses

Wood Turners Finish has a little bit of an amber cast to it so it's perfect for woods like mahogany walnut and cherry

Ideal to use on a lathe. 

Specifications

Basic Features
Product Colors Appears slightly pink in the the bottle. Dries to an amber tone.
Base Type Hybrid Oil/Water Urethane
Ambering Yes
Sheen Gloss (80+)
Interior or Exterior Interior only
Type Oil-modified Urethane
Application
Coats 3 coats
Application Method Brush, Spray
Brushable Yes
Usable over existing finishes Yes
Sprayable Yes
Spray Tip Sizes HVLP 1.1mm-1.3mm
Dry Time
Dry Time - Touch 10-30 min., under 10 min. on lathe
Dry Time - Recoat 30+ min., 10 min. on lathe
Dry Time - Light Use 7-10 days
Dry Time - Cure 21 days
Contents
Can Sizes 8 oz. bottles
Coverage 38 sq. ft. per 8 oz Bottle
Technical Data
Viscosity Thin
Viscosity (cPs) 100-200
Weight Solids 20%
VOC US VOC
235 g/L
Durability
Durability (Highest, High, Medium, Low) Medium
Hardness (Koenig #) 140
Wear (Taber #) 60.00 mg loss
Water (5 max) 3
Chemical (105 max) 80

FAQs

Do I need to wet sand Wood Turners Finish?

Wood Turner's Finish does not need wet sanding. If feel the need for more sheen, dry polish with Merka Abralon 1500-4000 grit or Micro Mesh 4000-8000.

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