Water Based Dye Stain Reducer

Dye Stain Reducer is the clear base we use when manufacturing General Finishes Dye Stain and can be used to make custom Dye Stain colors and for toning.

Find A Store Compare Similar Products
General Finishes Reducer Water Based Dye Stain, Quart

Instructions

How To Use General Finishes Dye Stain Reducer

General Finishes Dye Stain Reducer is the clear base we add dye to when manufacturing our Dye Stains.

Creating A Custom Color
Add 10% increments of Dye Stain Reducer to General Finishes Dye Stain or General Finishes Water Based Wood Stain until you achieve your desired color. Any percentage of stain or reducer can be added.

NOTE:

  • Dye Stain Reducer will lighten the color and thin the viscosity of stain.
  • Dye Stain Reducer will cause Water Based Wood Stain to penetrate deeper into the wood.

Using Dye Stain as a Pre-Stain Conditioner
Control even penetration of Dye Stain by applying a coat of Dye Stain Reducer over raw wood before using Dye Stain.

Mixing Dye Stain Reducer with Another Manufacturer's Dyes
You can successfully mix other manufacturers' dyes, such as TransTint dye concentrate, sold in many woodworking stores.

Always test your entire procedure, preparation through to topcoat, for adhesion and aesthetics on a hidden area of your project before mixing or layering products made by different manufacturers.

Do NOT Use Water to Lighten General Finishes Dye Stains. 
Dye Stain Reducer has ingredients that help keep color molecules dispersed evenly in the can. 

Cleanup of Water Based Products

Application tools and materials containing water-based products can be cleaned with soap and water immediately after use.

Product Spills
Spills may be able to be removed from fabric and carpet if cleaned immediately with soap and water.

Storage of Dye Stain Reducer

Life of Product
Water based products do not last forever, even when unopened. General Finishes products are best used within 1 year of the manufacture date listed on the bottom of the can. The life of the product may be extended with proper care and storage.

Storage Tips
See our video: Tips on Storing Leftover Finishes
Water-based finishes crystalize and form a skin due to evaporation when the air-tight seal on a can is broken at first use. The following best practices will increase the life of your product:

  1. Pry open sealed lids with a paint can opener by hooking under the lid's rolled edge. The use of a screwdriver can disfigure the rim and lid, impairing a complete seal. 
  2. Keep lid closed while working. Pour what you will use into a bowl, paper cup, or plate, and close can lid as you work.
  3. Clean the chime of the can thoroughly with a paper towel before closing to create a complete seal. Paint in the chime can be minimized by using a pouring lid, such as Fitsall. Avoid wiping used brushes on the lid.
  4. Pound the lid in place using a rubber mallet to avoid distorting the chime or lid. Dents in the lid from direct contact with a hammer can impair a complete seal. Alternatively, place a flat piece of wood over can lid and firmly pound shut.
  5. Store in moderate temperatures. Avoid temperatures below 50*F/10*C or above 80*F/26*C. Frozen and heat-damaged product cannot be revitalized. Temperature-controlled spaces, such as a basement, are ideal for storage. Do not store product in an attic, garage, in direct sunlight, or next to something warm like a water heater or furnace.
  6. Store can upside down to create a liquid seal, minimize evaporation and reduce the chance of crystallization. Decant remaining product from the can before stirring. 
  7. Decant leftovers to a smaller container when the finish is almost used up. Alternative storage containers for water-based products are plastic FIFO bottles or glass bottles. Do not fill metal-lidded containers completely to prevent them from rusting.

The following water-based product mixtures can be stored:

  • Dye Stain Reducer + Dye Stain
  • Dye Stain Reducer + Water Based Wood Stain

The following product mixtures should NOT be stored: 

  • Dye Stain + Water Based Wood Stain + Dye Stain Reducer

Test storage effectiveness first:

  • Dye Stain Reducer + Another Manufacturer's Dye

Warnings and Warranties

Limited Warranty
General Finishes products must be tested to your complete satisfaction before using, including compatibility with other manufacturers products. General Finishes will be responsible only for the cost of our products and will not be responsible for any costs such as labor, damage, or replacement costs.

Contamination and Compatibility
Our finishes are engineered as a system and are compatible with each other. General Finishes cannot guarantee an ideal refinish when applying our products on top of or combined with another company's products or over surfaces that have been in contact with waxes, polishes or sprays containing contaminants such as silicone. Test for adherence and aesthetics before beginning. 

Danger: Contents are COMBUSTIBLE. Keep away from heat and open flame. Application materials or other waste soaked with this product may spontaneously catch fire if improperly discarded. Immediately after use, place rags, steel wool or waste in a sealed, water-filled, metal container. Dispose of in accordance with local fire regulations.

CAUTION: Contains ALIPHATIC HYDROCARBONS. VAPOR HARMFUL. Use only with adequate ventilation. DELAYED EFFECTS FROM LONG-TERM OVEREXPOSURE. Contains solvents which can cause permanent brain and nervous system damage. Intentional misuse by deliberately concentrating & inhaling the contents can be harmful or fatal.

Warning
If you scrape, sand, or remove old paint, you may release lead dust. LEAD IS TOXIC. EXPOSURE TO LEAD DUST CAN CAUSE SERIOUS ILLNESS, SUCH AS BRAIN DAMAGE, ESPECIALLY IN CHILDREN. PREGNANT WOMEN SHOULD ALSO AVOID EXPOSURE. Wear a NIOSH-approved respirator to control lead exposure. Clean up carefully with a HEPA vacuum and a wet mop. Before you start, find out how to protect yourself and your family by contacting the National Lead Information Hotline at 1-800-424-LEAD or log onto www.epa.gov/lead.

Do not swallow; first aid: drink water to dilute product. May cause eye and skin irritation; first aid: flush eyes thoroughly with water.

FIRST AID: In case of eye contact, flush thoroughly with large amounts of water for 15 minutes and get medical attention. For skin contact, wash thoroughly with soap and water. In case of respiratory difficulty, provide fresh air and call physician. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting. Get medical attention immediately. 

Warning
This product contains a chemical known to the State Of California to cause cancer and birth defects. Do not swallow; first aid: drink water to dilute product. May cause eye or skin irritation; first aid: flush eyes thoroughly with water.

Specifications

Basic Features
Product Colors Clear
Base Type Water
Ambering No
Interior or Exterior Interior only
Type Water Based Stain
Application
Coats 1+ coats
Application Method Brush, Spray
Brushable Yes
Usable over existing finishes No
Sprayable Yes
Spray Tip Sizes HVLP 1.1mm-1.3mm
Topcoat Required Yes
Dry Time
Dry Time - Touch 30+ min.
Dry Time - Recoat 2+ hr
Contents
Can Sizes Pints, Quarts, Gallons
Coverage 75 sq. ft/pint, 150 sq. ft/quart, 600 sq. ft/gal
Technical Data
Viscosity Very Thin
Weight Solids 11%
VOC <240 g/L

SDS

Videos

FAQs

Can I adjust the color of my Dye Stain?

Yes, there are a couple of ways. Dye Stain Reducer is the clear base that we use when manufacturing General Finishes Dye Stains. The Reducer is made first, then the dye color is added.

It is easy to make your own custom color Dye Stain by adding in 10% increments of Dye Stain color to Reducer until you achieve the color you want. It is not possible to mix too much of our Dye Stain and Reducer together.

Additionally, General Finishes Water Based Wood Stains can be mixed into the Reducer, which will lighten the color and thin the viscosity so it will penetrate deeper into the wood.

You can also mix other manufacturers dyes such as TransTint dye concentrate, sold in many wood working stores.

We do NOT RECOMMEND using water to lighten dye stain. Reducer has ingredients to help keep color molecules dispersed evenly in the can.

Relevant Videos

Does adding Dye Stain Reducer to Dye Stain lighten the color?

Yes, one of its uses is to dilute dye stain colors. Dye Stain reducer is the clear base the we use when manufacturing our dye stains. We make the reducer first, then add the dye color.

It is easy to make your own custom color Dye Stain by adding in 10% increments until you achieve the color you want. It is not possible to mix too much of our dye stain or reducer together.

Additionally, General Finishes Water Based Stains can be mixed into the reducer, which will lighten the color and thin the viscosity so it will penetrate deeper into the wood.

You can also mix other manufacturers dyes such as TransTint dye concentrate, sold in many wood working stores.

We do not recommend using water to lighten dye stain. Reducer has ingredients to help keep color molecules dispersed evenly in the can.

 

Related Products

Relevant Videos

How do I correct color lift when applying High Performance over GF Water Based Dye Stains?

It is normal to see a bit of stain on the brush when applying the first coat of topcoat. Topcoats often pull a bit of color ont he first pass, but good preparation will minimize this.

To prepare open grains woods such as raw Oak for a water based stain, we recommend sanding with 180 grit followed by no more than 220 grit sandpaper. 300/400 grit sandpaper is too fine for preparing raw wood. Too fine of a grit changes the wood from a porous surface to one that is too smooth to absorb the stain, which causes the first top coat application to pull excessive color. (It is like trying to apply stain to glass.) There is always a small amount of color pull when using water based stains, but the smooth surface escalates this condition. This was evident in the areas that you used the brush to remove excess topcoat.

See recommended sanding schedules here: https://generalfinishes.com/faq/what-grit-should-i-use-for-prep-sanding-raw

Here are some options to try. Always test a small area before proceeding with your entire project.

  1. Toning: Lightly sand the light areas with a 220 grit sanding foam PAD to open up the pores of the wood. Create a toning mix of 10-20% dye stain to 80-90% topcoat. Using a small brush, apply this mix over the light areas to blend with the darker areas. Let this dry 3-4 hours. Then apply another coat of the mix over the entire surface. If this is successful, then apply 2-3 coats of the topcoat. 
  2. Glaze the light areas. This will change the look of your doors, but it is an easier remedy.
  3. Optimally, you should sand down to bare wood and start over with this prep sanding schedule. You can apply the dye stain directly to the wood, or mix in 10% top coat to help lock in the color.

 

Related Products

Relevant Videos

Why or when should I use a Dye Stain?

There are several reasons.

  1. When you have beautiful wood grain, pattern or burl and you want to show it off! Dye stains are like ink, and penetrate deep into the wood grain, revealing the figure of the wood with beautiful transparency.
  2. They are a great way to layer and intensify color. We often use a yellow or amber dye stain under another type of darker stain. For example, Yellow Dye Stain under Java Gel Stain. The depth and glow is lovely.
  3. To create a brilliantly colored project. Dye stains come in a range of colors from traditional wood tones to brilliant primaries, and they can be applied to raw wood, and can be combined with clear coats.

Look at this piece that Jillian Moncada of ReFind Design by Coco Clare graciously shared. When Jilian discovered this beautiful burled wood under the old finish, she wrote and asked what to use - we said dye stain and just look at her result! Please share your dye stain projects on this post or to our Facebook Page.

We do not recommend the use of a wood pre-conditioner with dye stains. It is a matter of personal preference, but conditioners always diminish the saturation of the color, defeating the purpose of dye stains.

GRAIN RAISE: Water based dye stains pop the wood grain more than solvent based versions, but like all water based stain products, it will raise the grain of the wood a bit. You can reduce this effect by raising the grain before applying the dye stain. First, dampen the sanded surface with a cloth moistened with distilled water (tap water can contain minerals that may affect the finish). Let the surface dry and then lightly with the grain using P220-girt sandpaper. Never over-sand before applying any stain, as you may seal the surface so much the stains will not penetrate properly. Alternatively, the grain raise can easily be knocked down when finish sanding the first layer of topcoat.

CAUTION: Test the color first in a hidden area. Once you use a dye stain, that is the color you are going to get. Apply liberally and evenly with a foam applicator and wipe off any excess immediately. There won't be much to wipe off it penetrates fast.

Related Products

Relevant Videos